Ronald Bayer, Ph.D.
Professor and Co-Chair, Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
"DR. BAYER: The co-op boards, in case you don’t know, investigate every aspect of your life to see whether you are good enough to be a neighbor. So I listen to this and I listen with concern because what should be a process of enhancing both the quality of the research and the ethical attention that researchers ought to pay to… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on August 1, 2011 at 9:09am —
This provides us with a chance to voice our opinions on Human Subjects Research.
"The Office of the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in coordination with the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is issuing this advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) to request comment on how current regulations for protecting human subjects who participate in research might be modernized and revised to be more effective. This… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on July 30, 2011 at 9:42am —
Copy and paste from the US DHHS formerly the Department of Health, Education and Welfare
"Why is the Federal government proposing changes to the Common Rule?
This regulatory review effort is primarily about enhancing protections for human subjects.
The federal government is considering changes to the Common Rule (45 CFR 46) for two reasons: (1) the human subject research landscape has changed dramatically since the early 1980s when the current regulations were… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on July 27, 2011 at 5:58pm —
"Advances in neuroscience are raising a host of new ethical, legal and social issues for healthcare practitioners. The Penn Conference on Clinical Neuroscience and Society reviews cutting-edge neuroscience relevant to psychiatry, neurology, physiatry, primary care and pediatrics, and focuses on the ethical, legal and societal impact of these developments."…
Added by Jay Sinn on July 26, 2011 at 9:52am —
"One of SACHRP’s recommendations to the commission is to “close the gap in oversight and harmonize the overlapping regulations governing human subject protections.” Possibilities, SACHRP noted, include having “a single federal regulatory agency for the oversight of research involving human subjects” or expanding the authority of an existing regulatory entity, such as OHRP, to all human subjects research."… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on July 26, 2011 at 7:03am —
"Corporate governance and management oversight are flavour of the week with the shenanigans at Rupert Murdoch’s defunct News of the World on every front page. On a vastly different scale, a similar issue has cropped up in the bioethics community. A self-styled watchdog, the Project on Government Oversight, has called upon the chair of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues to step down after allegations of ghostwriting by professors at her university."… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on July 15, 2011 at 3:16am —
"There is something intrinsically sacrificial about participating in biomedical research. Research exposes participants to some risks and often offer little no individual benefits. In some rare and extreme cases, research participants make the ultimate sacrifice: they die as a result of the intervention being tested. When this happens, there is a strong intuition that the participant's family should receive compensation for their loss. The intuition is also embedded in influential ethics… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on June 23, 2011 at 12:48am —
"Payments can range from $2,000 to $10,000 per patient enrolled in a clinical trial, according to published reports."
Added by Jay Sinn on May 17, 2011 at 11:28am —
Added by Jay Sinn on May 15, 2011 at 6:57pm —
Handy blog about the legal community intersecting neuroscience:
Added by Jay Sinn on May 14, 2011 at 3:22pm —
Review of Babies by Design: The Ethics of Genetic Choice by Ronald M. Green and Enhancing Evolution: The Ethical Case for Making People Better by John Harris
by Richard Hayes, The American Interest (January - February 2008)
"Our common human nature evolved over millions of years but has been stable over the few thousand years during which modern human values, behaviors and institutions have developed. When we look into the eyes of another person, we know something about that… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on April 25, 2011 at 10:41am —
"Globalization of international clinical trials creates new questions regarding ethics in conduct of clinical trials in human subjects and conducting research on marginalized or oppressed populations writes P. Sree Sudha."
Added by Jay Sinn on April 24, 2011 at 1:45am —
"Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body. PNI takes an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating psychology, neuroscience, immunology, physiology, pharmacology, molecular biology, psychiatry, behavioral medicine, infectious diseases, endocrinology, and rheumatology.
The main interests of PNI are the interactions between the nervous and immune systems and the relationships… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on April 17, 2011 at 3:54am —
The field of combining neurology and immunology.
The study of "malfunction of either and or both systems that leads to disorders, and the physical, chemical, and environmental stressors that affect the two systems on a daily basis."
In HSR we can find allowances for the use of environmental and social behavioral manipulation of the subject,… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on April 16, 2011 at 4:28am —
"Neuroimmunology is a field combining neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions of these two complex systems during development, homeostasis, and response to injuries. A long-term goal of this rapidly developing research area is to further develop our understanding of the pathology of certain neurological diseases, some of which have no clear etiology. In doing so, neuroimmunology… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on April 15, 2011 at 4:22am —
" Examining the dynamics of human vision is paramount in NGA’s efforts to advance technology’s role in geospatial intelligence from image production to include image interpretation. Automating this human sense will allow computers to perform basic steps of imagery analysis to lessen the workload for analysts, and thus expedite intelligence production. However, accurately capturing these processes cannot be done with a standard eye exam. Instead, research must be performed on the human brain,… Continue
Added by Jay Sinn on April 7, 2011 at 1:31pm —
"I have seen definitions of “social justice” that would include practices or beliefs which are antithetical to the Church’s teachings, e.g., abortion, same-sex marriage, euthanasia, some kinds of bio-medical experimentation. No, I don’t think “social justice” is the real element that makes a law school one that can call itself distinctively Catholic."…
Added by Jay Sinn on April 3, 2011 at 3:37am —
"During the Holocaust, Nazis referred to Jews as rats. Hutus involved in the Rwanda genocide called Tutsis cockroaches. Slave owners throughout history considered slaves subhuman animals. In Less Than Human, David Livingstone Smith argues that it's important to define and describe dehumanization, because it's what opens the door for cruelty and genocide."…
Added by Jay Sinn on April 3, 2011 at 2:56am —
please play nice and get along
Added by Jay Sinn on April 1, 2011 at 3:05am —
"Cross-cultural neuroethics aims to overcome potential misunderstandings that might arise when the worldview of researchers differs from that of the community they are investigating. Elana Brief of the National Core for Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia is involved in community-based participatory research, an approach that fosters collaboration between the investigators and their subjects, recognizing unique strengths that each brings to the work."…
Added by Jay Sinn on March 30, 2011 at 2:43am —