peacepink

Worldwide Campaign to stop the Abuse and Torture of Mind Control/DEWs

MICROWAVE WEAPONS

 

New Technology in Crime

Activities and Sources

 

 

There is a new, effective weapon for criminals and terrorists. Law-breakers often misuse modern technology. Through the illegal usage of innovative high-tech weapons, people are not ”shot”, rather their living quarters are bathed in (high frequency) electromagnetic waves for a length of time.

Directed Energy Weapons (DEW) are mostly intended for military purposes (U.S. Air Force, Russian and Chinese armies). High-tech company Raytheon states about DEW: ”We believe they are a critical element of how ultimately wars will be fought. HPM (High power microwaves) is the most mature right now” (in Fulghum & Wall 2002).


The renowned German newspaper “DIE WELT” acknowledges microwave weapons as arms of the 21st century. In another German newspaper, Süddeutsche Zeitung, a weapons expert has recommended the police to procure microwave (MW) weapons for police use. Considering what certain criminals know about MW weapons, they have a significant advantage over the police until now. This puts the victims in extreme danger.


A primitive variation of a MW weapon would look like this: A microwave oven from the kitchen with the protective shielding removed from the door and replaced by a metal funnel. And then the waves can get through walls (Pictures 1, 2, 3).


      Picture 1: Manipulated Microwave Oven

 

Picture 2: Microwaves going through walls

 

Picture 3: Book that describes the manipulation of a microwave oven to a ray weapon

 

 

The effects of the MW beam on the victims include

extreme weariness,

headache,

irregular heartbeat,

diarrhea,

painful testis,

damaged nervous system and

internal organs,

burned skin and eye damage.

Later effects include blindness, heart attack, stroke and cancer. In the last months by some victims, cancerous tumors have been diagnosed.


In addition to that, victims (through intrigue and defamation) are seen as psychotic and dangerous; thus, they are completely helpless. At the same time, the new weapons (for certain contractors) are tested under ordinary circumstances and constantly improved.


HPM crimes are a new kind of crime with some very new characteristics. The International Union of Radio Science emphasizes in a resolution of 1999 on Criminal Activities using Electromagnetic Tools: "The fact that criminal activities using electromagnetic tools can be undertaken covertly and anonymously and that physical boundaries such as fences and walls can be penetraded by electromagnetic fields."


Expert Pevler stresses: "The development of high-power microwave (HPM) weaponry, and its proliferation into subversive organizations, offers the means to commit the 'perfect crime'. HPM attacks typically leave no residual evidence and their effects can range from nuisance to catastrophic" (1997).


The HPM-weapons that the high-tech gang uses supply continous or pulsed waves over long periods of time - especially in the night - from cars or vans or buildings around the target/person(s). They use magnetrons, microwave-generators, amplifiers, integrated systems. In addition, they apply through wall imaging methods. There are already over 40 known victims in Germany, some of them even have been attacked while in hospital. But the police doesn't understand these new weapons. 


Besides this the criminals use tactics of information warfare:

Know all about the victims,

let them know nothing about you,

information dominance,

disrupt the communication systems of the victims.


The criminal network has at its deposal plentiful first class technical know-how and high quality equipment. That assures high efficiency and precision strikes and enables to operate from cars or vans. The MW generators/transmitters can be camouflaged in an attaché case or hidden in a small suitcase.


Only through cooperative work between electronic specialists and physicists have we been able to shine a revealing light on this special high-tech criminal activity.

For experts:

The (pulsed) waves of two or more transmitters [MW generators] interfere in the target zone, and through that, strengthen their effects.

There are also parabolic antennas modified to transmitters.

Besides this, intelligent (adaptive) antenna systems (numerous small transmitters connected, instead of few large ones; for example hidden in parked cars) will be used. Sometimes frequency hopping is employed. These methods work over several hundred feet, if everything is well adjusted.

 

We could find out where (electronic) components for highly potent MW weapons or whole systems (pictures 4, 5, 6) can be bought legally.


 

Picture 4: Magnetron

 

Picture 5: Magnetron

 

Picture 6: Generator

 

 

The criminals follow a double strategy:

One way, the victims are weakened, injured, tortured and intimidated. On the other side, the victims experience extreme, unbelievable things; almost no one can believe their reports. Most interpret the information from the victims as chimerical thinking. Some experts who work for the German Army or Nato know very well about MW weapons, but secrecy keeps them from talking too much about in public.


In several German cities there are complaints of serious physical injury. One attorney represents the interests of many victims. About 40 victims have built a community of interests. We are aware of many cases with amazing similarities that have been reported in the last few months. We have names and addresses of many victims and the cirumstances of the cases. We also have the names and addresses of some perpetrators.


In some cases, the lifestyles of the criminals are well known to us. Similar to terrorists, many pretend good citizenship or student lifestyles to cover their crimes. Conventional criminal activities, (i.e. burglary) are undertaken by normal gangsters or former members of the Stasi (which was the secret service of former GDR). In this network, they have division of labor and a support structure that includes foreigners as well.


Terrorists could use MW as anti-electronics weapons too. With HP microwaves, they can attack the electronics of computers, cars, airplanes and so on successfully [see the other papers of the Workshop W8]. They can use microwave weapons (radio frequency weapons) to damage electronic systems in an unseen attack with all those bad consequencies.


Additional points to be covered in the workshop: Detection of microwaves and protection against attacks.


All that has nothing to do with MW beam fright, but is criminal high-tech forced on the people. It is frightening that these weapons are being increasingly used by criminals and terrorists.


 

Picture 7: Active Denial Technology

 

Picture 8: Neuronal Networks in the Brain

 

 

References:

 

Fulghum, D. A. (1999): Microwave Weapons Await a Future War. Aviation Week, 6/7/1999, p. 30.


Fulghum, D. A. (2002): Directed Energy Weapons To Arm Unmanned Craft. Aviation Week, 2/25/2002.


Fulghum, D. A. & Wall. R. (2002): Farnborough 2002: Raytheon Links Future To Network Prowess. Aviation Week, 7/19/2002.


Hecht, J. (2001): The Heat is on (Microwave beam weapon tested). NewScientist, 10/27/2001, p. 26.


International Union of Radio Science (1999): Resolution on Criminal Activities using Electromagnetic Tools. General Assembly, Toronto 1999. http://www.intec.rug.ac.be/ursi/Tor99ResolENG.htm.

 

Laukenmann, J. (2001): ”Hände hoch – oder es klebt!” Süddeutsche Zeitung, 9/25/2001.


Lövstrand, K. G. & Bäckström M. (2001): Intense Radio Frequency (RF) as a Tool for Graded Action. In: Non-Lethal Weapons. Hrsg.: Fraunhofer Institut Chemische Technologie.

 

Magdeburger Volksstimme (1999): Missbrauch elektromagnetischer Wellen durch Terroristen möglich. 10/8/1999.


Munzert, R. (2001/2002): Neue Technologie im Verbrechen – Mikrowellen-Waffen. Informationstexte an das Bayerische Landeskriminalamt, Bundeskriminalamt und andere Sicherheitsorgane. April 2001-march 2002, not published.


Nitsch, J. (1998): Gefahren erkennen. Wirkung von Hochleistungsmikrowellen. In: Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit (EMV - ESD), Jahrgang 9, Ausgabe 3/98, p. 23- 26.


Nöldechen, A. & Dorra, B. (2001): "Europäer diskutieren über Mikrowellen und Laserstrahlen als moderne Waffensysteme". Serie: Waffen des 21. Jahrhunderts, 3. Teil. DIE WELT, 9/25/2001, p. 31.


Pevler, A.E. (1997), Security Implications of High-Power Microwave Technology, www.infowar.com/civil_DE/civil_090597a.html-ssi


Schimmelpfennig, U. (1999): Strahlenkanonen für jedermann – Kein Schutz gegen Erpressung und Terror? Tv-Beitrag in Kontraste SFB/ARD, 11/18/1999.


Schwartau, W. (1996), Information Warfare, Second Edition, Thunder’s Mouth Press.


Scott, W. B. (1999): ‚Beam‘ Weapons Edging Into Arsenal. Aviation Week, 7/5/1999, p. 53.


United States Air Force (1998): High Power Microwaves. Factsheet. http://www.de.afrl.af.mil/factsheets/HPMicro.html


United States Air Force (2001): High Power Microwave Division. Factsheets. http://www.de.afrl.af.mil/factsheets/HPM.html


Wall, R. (2000): Directed-Energy Threat Inches Forward. Aviation Week, 10/30/2000, S. 70.


Wilbers, A.T.M. et al. (2001): Susceptibility of COTS PC to microwave illumination. In: Non-Lethal Weapons. Hrsg.: Fraunhofer Institut Chemische Technologie.


Winkenbach, J. (2002): Mikrowelle als Nahkampfwaffe. Welt am Sonntag, Nr.1.1/6/2002, S. 12.

July, 2002

 

 

Dr. Reinhard Munzert, Germany, Erlangen

E-mail: RMunzert@t-online.de

 


---------------------------------------

 

Targeting the Human with Directed Energy Weapons

 

W 8

Dr. Reinhard Munzert

6.9.2002


New arms threaten and destroy lives in strange ways. Directed energy weapons are among the high-tech arms of the century. They hurt and kill with electromagnetic power. Microwave weapons can be aimed at computers, electronical devices and persons. They have strong physical and psychological effects and can be used for military and terrorist activities. These weapons are also part of crimes (in Europe) that almost nobody knows except the victims and the offenders. Until now they make the perfect crime possible. No doubt, these weapons have a terrible future.


Key Points


Directed Energy Weapons (DEW) 

DEW and Crime 

Perfect Crime? 

DEW and Terrorism

 

Topic 1


Manipulated Microwave Oven 

Magnetrons and Generators 

Intelligent Antenna Systems


Topic 2


Anti-Electronics Weapon 

Anti-Personnel Weapon 

Psychological Effects


Topic 3


DEW and Crime 

License to Kill 

Perfect Crime 

Mental Strength & Fighting Back


Topic 4


DEW as Terrorist Weapon 

Unseen Terror Attack 

Prevention and Protection

 

Summary


New Threats and Dangers 

Crime and Terrorism  

Recognizing and Knowing 

Prevention and Elimination 

Future Weapon! -Terrible Future?

 

 


Views: 844

Tags: DEW, human, microwave, target, weapon

Comment by annabelley on June 1, 2011 at 10:44pm
Comment by annabelley on June 11, 2011 at 12:10am

http://www.raven1.net/mcf/high-power-microwaves.htm

FACT SHEET:

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE


High-Power Microwaves

High-Energy Microwave Laboratory & F-16 in Anechoic Chamber

Department of Defense research on high-power microwave technologies and their weapons potential is centered at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, within the High Power Microwave Division of the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Directed Energy Directorate.

Division scientists are exploring equipment and methodologies for generating high-power microwave energy and accurately propagating that energy to a target. Included are efforts to assess the effects of those high-power microwaves on various targets. Work is also ongoing on the feasibility and utility of placing compact high-power microwave systems aboard various Air Force platforms.

The general public is familiar with the technology as it applies to household microwave ovens that use this form of energy to penetrate and cook food. Whereas a typical microwave oven generates less than 1,500 watts of power, the Division is working with equipment that can generate millions of watts of power. When microwaves encounter modern microelectronics-based systems, the results can be disastrous to the electronics – causing systems to “burn out” and fail or function improperly. This heavy reliance on electronic components in today’s weaponry makes high-power microwave weapons attractive.

A short burst of high-power microwave energy can be lethal to electronics while having no affect on humans operating the equipment. The low-collateral damage aspect of the technology makes high-power microwave weapons useful in a wide variety of missions where avoiding civilian casualties is a major concern.

High-Power Microwaves have a potential in command and control warfare, in suppressing enemy air defenses, and against tactical aircraft or unmanned aerial vehicles. Efforts within this division include a variety of technology areas:

 

Source and Antenna Development: Research and development on narrow- and wide-band high power microwave sources produced devices that are among the world’s most powerful microwave pulse emitters, and Impulse Radiating Antenna technology demonstrated the focusing of ultra-wide-band radiation into a conical beam with a beam width of approximately a single degree. Also, Hydrogen Switch technology demonstrated its effectiveness in a recent advanced concept technology demonstration.

Beam Development: Solid-state switch technology offers an ultra-wide-band beam, but with the ability to make an antenna conform to the skin of a system. With the promise of high efficiency, the technology also provides the ability to steer the beam and phase the radiation into an extremely narrow beam. In the narrow-beam high-power microwave area there are several technologies under development including a Magnetic Insulated Line Oscillator. This offers the promise of compatibility with explosive pulse generators that can convert tremendous energies into microwaves.

Vulnerability Efforts: The Division maintains anechoic chambers – one large enough to house a fighter aircraft – and is conducting evaluations on the effects of high-power microwaves on U.S. systems in an effort to develop protections against microwave threats.

High-Power Microwave Modeling and Simulation Efforts: Models and simulations are being developed to investigate the effectiveness of high-power microwave technology – also synonymously referred to as radio frequency technology – to assess the effectiveness of such systems in disabling targets. This is essential to determine the utility of high-power microwave technology for military applications. One way these assessments are performed is with a computer code called RF-ProTEC (Radio Frequency-Propagation, Transmission, and Effects Code) that models and simulates the high-power microwave system antenna emission pattern, the propagation of radio frequency radiation to and into a target, and the effect on the target. The code may be used to assess the lethality associated with a specified set of scenario parameters or, alternatively, to determine those problem parameters that will optimize lethality. Ultimately the Division hopes to determine which of the many stages of a complex high-power microwave system-to-target process are most influential in determining target lethality.

Active Denial Technology: Related to high-power microwaves is this millimeter wave technology that penetrates less than 1/64th of an inch into an individual’s skin to stimulate the person’s pain sensors into feeling severe pain without physical damage. The technology is proving extremely effective as a non-lethal means of turning away an aggressor.

Vehicle Stopper Program: The High Power Microwave Division is supporting the United States Department of Justice in researching the potential for radio frequency devices to stop vehicles in a non-lethal manner. Experiments are underway to establish how modern auto-mobile electronics respond to radio frequency radiation and evaluate any susceptibility to selected waveforms. Such a device capability would be useful in military and civilian appli-cations as an alternative to the high speed chases commonly employed to stop suspect vehicles. This capability could also be used to provide entry control or establish a point defense while not injuring suspects or bystanders.

 

High-Power Microwave Facilities:

The High Energy Microwave Laboratory consists of 25,484 square feet of laboratory and administration space for the test of high-power microwave technologies.

 

High Power Systems Facility & Shiva Star Fast Capacitor Bank

The 34,261-square-foot High Power Systems Facility conducts research into the military appli-cations of high-energy pulsed power systems. The facility houses Shiva Star, the Air Force’s largest pulsed power system. Shiva Star will store nearly 10 million joules of energy (equal to 5 pounds of TNT). It produces a pulse of 120,000 volts and 10 million amps in one-millionth-of-a second to produce a power flow equivalent to a terawatt. Shiva Star has evolved from a 1 mega joule system in 1975, a 2 mega joule system in 1979, to its final form as a 10 mega joule system in 1982. Shiva Star has been used over the years for many different types of experiments such as pulse compression to increase energy in the pulse, plasma liner implosion for production of x-rays, solid liner implosions to compress matter to high density and pressure, compact toroids for generating high-energy plasmas, and simulation of explosive pulsed-power generators. In addition, the facility is used for diagnostics of high-energy pulsed-power systems by using magnetic probe arrays, laser interferometry, time- and space-resolved optical spectroscopy, x-ray grazing incidence, photodiode array spectroscopy, x-ray pinhole photography, and fast optical photography.

The High Energy Research and Technology Facility is a premier Air Force Research Laboratory capability for research, development and transition of advanced weapons technologies.

This $9 million, 26,827 square-foot, facility provides a unique capability for the development of high-power microwaves, high-energy advanced pulsed-power (including explosive devices), and very-high-energy plasmas. It also provides a research environment for exploring a variety of related technologies. The facility's remote location in the Manzano Mountains on Kirtland Air Force Base is coupled with a unique construction, which is designed to withstand blasts and intense radiation from a variety of sources, including high-energy microwaves and x-rays. The result is a cost-effective and timely capability for transitioning critical technologies to the point where they can be applied to weapons systems.

 

High Energy Research and Technology Facility

Located in a canyon in the Manzano Mountains in the southeast portion of Kirtland, the High Energy Research and Technology Facility has a four-story-high bay laboratory, 80 feet by 150 feet, with concrete roof and walls four feet thick for blast and radiation shielding. The high bay includes two bridge cranes, cable trays, a 12-foot-deep pit for intense radiation source experiments, and access tunnels to an explosive firing area near the high bay. Up to 1,000 pounds of high explosives can be safely detonated in this area to produce hundreds of mega joules of electrical energy needed for advanced experiments. The facility also contains offices and smaller laboratories where advanced weapons technology experiments and demonstrations can be conducted safely and securely.

The Facility was designed to scale high-power microwave and high-energy plasma concepts that were pursued for many years in the Laboratory's basic research and exploratory development efforts. It was difficult to advance these concepts with the limited facilities available before this facility was completed. With this facility, technologies can be advanced to a weapons level. Also, advanced weapons environments can be created, allowing scientists to assess the potential threat of these weapons to United States military systems.

Although the Laboratory's high-power microwave technology is considerably advanced the High Energy Research and Technology Facility is essential in conducting many of the critical experiments still needed to assess the feasibility of the technology for operational systems.

Compact, high-energy pulsed power is an enabling technology for many advanced weapon concepts and effects simulation devices. The High Energy Research and Technology Facility is designed to play a major role in the Air Force Research Laboratory's development of next generation, high-energy pulsed-power devices. Research and development includes the generation and conditioning of large amounts of electrical energy needed for advanced weapon technologies.


Comment by annabelley on June 11, 2011 at 12:56am

http://www.raven1.net/mcf/news/microwavebeam.htm

Microwave beam weapon to disperse crowds

29 October 01
Jeff Hecht, Boston
New Scientist

Tests of a controversial weapon that is designed to heat people's skin with a microwave beam have shown that it can disperse crowds. But critics are not convinced the system is safe.

Last week, the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) in New Mexico finished testing the system on human volunteers. The Air Force now wants to use this Active Denial Technology (ADT), which it says is non-lethal, for peacekeeping or riot control at "relatively long range" - possibly from low-flying aircraft.

ADT uses a 2-metre dish to create a narrow beam of microwaves that can be scanned across a crowd or even aimed at individuals. AFRL is using infrared photography to analyse the heating effect on the volunteers' bodies.

AFRL says that the 3-millimetre wavelength radiation penetrates only 0.3 millimetres into the skin, rapidly heating the surface above the 45 °C pain threshold. At 50 °C, they say the pain reflex makes people pull away automatically in less than a second - it's said to feel like fleetingly touching a hot light bulb. Someone would have to stay in the beam for 250 seconds before it burnt the skin, the lab says, giving "ample margin between intolerable pain and causing a burn".

But critics question the AFRL's claims that the weapon's undisclosed exposure levels are safe. John Pike of think tank Globalsecurity.org fears that the beam power needed to scare people may be too close to the level that would injure them.

Air Force scientists helped set the present skin safety threshold of 10 milliwatts per square centimetre in the early 1990s, when little data was available, says Louis Slesin, editor of Microwave News.

That limit covers exposure to steady fields for several minutes to an hour - but heating a layer of skin 0.3 mm thick to 50 °C in just one second requires much higher power and may pose risks to the cornea, which is more sensitive than skin. A study published last year in the journal Health Physics showed that exposure to 2 watts per square centimetre for three seconds could damage the corneas of rhesus monkeys.

Comment by annabelley on June 11, 2011 at 1:14am

http://trueconspiracyblog.blogspot.com/2007/01/mistery-of-united-93...

The Mistery Of 'United 93'

Three minutes, four possible coincidences, and one odd lack of evidence, have created a problem with the official story regarding the crash of United Airlines Flight 93.

It begins with the matter reported in the Philadelphia Daily News in September 2002 by William Bunch. Several seismologists, some commissioned by the Department of Defense to investigate the question, agree that Flight 93 struck the earth at 10:06. Yet family members allowed to hear the cockpit voice recording were repeatedly told the tape ended at 10:03, three minutes before impact.

The problem continues: shortly before striking the ground, Flight 93 made a dramatic course change. The doomed airliner turned nearly 90 degrees to the northwest. The turn, according to aircraft tracking records at FlightExplorer.com, occurred at 10:03.

Three minutes before impact.

A third event took place when Flight 93's transponder signal, which had over the course of the hijacking been turned off, and then on again, ceased transmitting. When NBC's Tom Brokaw interviewed air traffic controller Stacey Taylor, she told him she had assumed the worst when the signal stopped that Flight 93 had crashed.

The signal ended, Taylor said, at 10:03. Three minutes before impact.

Shanksville-Stonycreek Elementary school, two miles from Flight 93's impact site, was evacuated after the crash knocked out electrical power to the school. The Mayor of the nearby borough of Indian Lake called the utility company when power to his small town was disrupted by the crash. In the days to follow, photographs of the impact point showed a newly repaired power line stretching over the scene, leading to the reasonable conclusion that the airliner severed the wires as it hit the ground.

The time of the outage, however, remains strangely unverifiable.

Understanding the possible concurrence of these four events requires the understanding that time, when measured by those involved here, is a matter of fine precision. Flight recorders, seismologists, air traffic controllers, and utility companies all depend upon the accuracy of their clocks tremendously, and even use tools such as satellites to keep errors to a minimum. These clocks, if not exactly synchronized, should at most be off by a matter of a few seconds.

Damage assessment is perhaps the most difficult supporting technology of all to develop. Since HPM weapons usually depend on electronic kill or upset, there is no "smoking hole" as an observable. - Bacon/Rinehart, "A Brief Technology Survey of High-Power Microwave Sources", High Power Electromagnetics Department, Sandia National Laboratories, April 2001

The possibility is that United Flight 93 crashed as a result of being attacked by a high-powered microwave weapon, most likely fired from the C-130 aircraft acknowledged by the Department of Defense to be present that morning.

This is an incredible thesis, and requires several points to be addressed in order to comprehend the idea, much less believe it. First, it must be shown that such a weapon not only exists, but is operational within U.S. Armed Forces. Second, it must be shown that evidence exists of an attack by this weapon on 9/11. In this article, I will present explanation in three parts:
1) The Case for the Existence of Deployable High Power Microwave (HPM) Weapons
2) The Case for the C-130 as HPM Platform
3) The Case for an HPM Weapon Discharge on 9/11: Four Events at 10:03 A.M.

The Case for the Existence of Deployable HPM Weapons
In order to understand how a microwave weapon might have been used on 9/11, some historical context for the technology must be established. The implications of radio frequency (RF) warfare have been understood since the first significant electromagnetic pulse (EMP) was observed in 1962 following a nuclear test blast above Johnston Island in the Pacific. In a test code-named STARFISH PRIME, a 1.5 kiloton nuclear weapon was detonated above the island; 1500 kilometers away in Hawaii, streetlights blinked out, alarms were triggered, and power lines fused as a result of the blast's EMP.

The disruptive effect of EMP on electrical systems was not lost on military planners; but the use of nuclear weapons for the relatively small-scale effect was deemed less than pragmatic. Over time, technology was created which could produce EMP without a nuclear blast, but its effect was difficult to focus. It was also not immediately apparent to Western forces what operational use such a weapon would offer over conventional munitions.

But the Soviet Union recognized the advantages very quickly. Lagging behind the West in electronics, the USSR saw EMP as a critical technology; if they could not compete in the development of smaller and faster electronic weapons, they could exploit their inherent susceptibility to RF. The Soviets began to develop high-power microwaves (HPM), a technology which not only required no nuclear blast, but also could be focused and required a smaller apparatus to generate.

HPM disrupts electrical systems very briefly, for around a few hundred nanoseconds. But in the high-speed world of computer-driven defense technology, this is long enough to reset chips, record faulty data, and effectively neutralize any system dependent upon electrical impulses for its operation.

NATO and former Soviet nations have developed HPM weapons. These weapons are designed to exploit this inadvertent vulnerability to RF power by concentrating as much power as possible into a controlled field. This has proven very effective, and anecdotal data suggest successful combat deployment. - A.E. Pevler, "Security Implications of High-Power Microwave Technology", IEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, 1997

On September 6, 1976, the West saw its most compelling evidence of how seriously the Soviet Union took the concepts of HPM weapons. Lt. Victor Belenko defected from the USSR, landing in Hakodate Airport in northern Japan in his state-of-the-art Soviet fighter, the MiG-25. As NATO scientists began to dissect the aircraft, they discovered its critical communications, target acquisition, and navigation systems were strangely designed with such antiquated parts as vacuum tubes where computer chips should be. Such a system appeared anachronistic until placed in the context of HPM weapons: this design was nearly impervious (or in the words of the trade, "hardened") to an HPM attack.

Pulsers developed at Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute are based upon very fast (nanosecond and picosecond) solid state "on" and "off" switches developed by Prof. Igor Grekhov and Dr. Alexi Kardo-Syssoev. These switches have recently been used to generate 10 nanosecond, 10 KHz pulses... Jammers based upon these switches can be made small enough to fit into a briefcase. A recent version is said to weigh 6.5 kg and to deliver fields of 30 kV per meter at 5 meters. This is comparable to high-altitude EMP (HEMP) field strength. - Dr. I.W. Merritt, Chief, Concepts Identification and Applications Analysis Division, Advanced Technology Directorate, Missile Defense and Space Technology Center, U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, "Proliferation and Significance of Radio Frequency Weapons Technology", before the Joint Economic Committee, United States Congress, 25 February 1998

The origins of the U.S.-developed HPM are difficult to trace. The efforts gained support during the Reagan administration, when various directed-energy (DE) concepts were researched in connection with the Strategic Defense Initiative, or "Star Wars".

But HPM's trail becomes more apparent by the early 1990's, as the technology begins to mature. As early as 1993, the United States Marine Corps was building such phrases as "...shielding against radio frequency (RF) and High Power Microwave Weapons effects is desired" into its operational requirements documents (ORDs) for assets such as its Technical Control and Analysis Center (TCAC), a hub for Marine signal intelligence and electronic warfare (SIGINT/EW) support for air-ground operations. It must be inferred that by this time, the Department of Defense did not think it unreasonable to defend against HPM weapons, and that such a threat must have existed, or been on the verge of deployment.

Useful documents in following HPM development include DoD Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) budget item justification sheets. These are simply non-classified budget documents which indicate, for each funded project, the goals, what was done in the previous fiscal year, what is planned for the following fiscal year, and how much was and will be spent.

Of particular interest to the discussion of HPM is how the mission description and accomplishments have evolved from the quite specific to the very general as the technology improved, and the desire for public knowledge of the program diminished. In FY 1994, for example, the mission includes the phrase:

Technologies are developed that support a wide range of Air Force missions such as space control, command and control warfare, and counter-air warfare.

By FY 2001, the same project (with a new number):

Technologies that support a wide range of Air Force missions such as the potential disruption and degradation of an adversary's electronic infrastructure and military capability are developed.

Specific missions such as counter-air warfare are replaced with the idea of a "potential" disruption of electronics. Of course the new mission statements do not reflect the growth of the technology; careful scrutiny of RDT&E documents from 1994 to 2001 show an increase in funding and technical sophistication, and a decrease in specificity that suggests a program becoming more secretive.

In FY 1994, a new pulse forming network created a 100% efficient ultra-wideband source. A new pyramidal horn antenna created 70 KV per meter at a 10 meter range. Solid-state gallium arsenite switches allowed 10,000 shots, 100 times better than the previous technology. And in FY 1994, a study on the HPM effects on the F-16 aircraft and Stinger missile launch tubes was completed.

In FY 1996, advanced computer modeling which could predict HPM effects on various aircraft was developed, and subsequent shielding technologies to harden military assets to HPM created; specifically, specifications, standards, and maintenance technology for systems including the F-16, Hawk missile, and F-22 Raptor were developed. "Counter-air effectiveness analyses" of HPM weapons were completed, and, most significantly, a contractor was chosen (but not named) to produce a wideband HPM source for aircraft self-protection.

By FY 1998, the documents state the ending of the Advanced Concepts Technology Demonstration, or ACTD, for HPM weaponry. An ACTD is a joint user/developer effort to demonstrate an operational capability that meets a military need; it is designed to accelerate application of mature technologies into the field, usually with the help of an active warfighting unit. Essentially this is the period where soldiers and contractors work out details of technical manuals and operating procedures, a time when a specific piece of equipment is hauled into the field and subjected to whatever hardships the soldiers deem necessary, while the contractor provides tech support and advice as the equipment is integrated into use.

Ended the ACTD. Demonstrated the capability to neutralize specific targets in a real-world environment. Validated logistics, training, and maintenance assumptions applied to the operational use of this specific system. - PE 0603750D8Z, RDT&E Budget Item Justification Sheet

In FY 2000, a single-shot HPM device was field tested for control of enemy air defenses, and components for repetitively-pulsed narrowband HPM (power, sources, and antennae) were developed.

FY 2001 saw the development of frequency-agile HPM sources, as well as increasingly sophisticated computer modeling and the "completed design of subscale breadboard multiple-shot HPM for airborne attack". Obviously HPM was by now considered serious weapons science.

Bits and pieces of information regarding HPM have surfaced in various official military documents, with the clear pattern that the technology is mature and deployable (and thus probably deployed):

LFT&E [Live Fire Test and Evaluation] has supported the development of prototype high-power microwave (HPM) weapons and tests of these devices at DoD open-air ranges since FY97. - FY01 Annual Report, "Vulnerability Assessment to Radio Frequency Threats", The Director, Operational Test & Evaluation (DOT&E)

Several high power microwave technologies have matured to the point where they are now ready for the transition from engineering and manufacturing development [EMD, the stage after ACTD] to deployment as operational weapons. - "High Power Microwaves: Strategic and Operational Implications for Warfare", Col. E.M. Walling, USAF, Occasional Paper 11, Center for Strategy and Technology (Air War College)

There is even, interestingly enough, a Directed Energy Professional Society, which has put out a newsletter since 2000:

Past DEPS activities have focused mostly on lasers with minimal high power microwave representation. I believe that this was principally because of the greater funds being spent on lasers and the greater informational release restrictions on high power microwaves. Future DEPS activities should provide a more balanced view of directed energy. The last issue of this newsletter featured the very popular high power microwave active denial system. It is currently the only HPM application that can be discussed publicly, but many other HPM applications can be discussed within the DEPS classified forums. - William L. Baker, "Wave Front: The Directed Energy Technical Newsletter", Winter 2002

The Case for the C-130 as HPM Platform
As one peruses the available literature regarding HPM, two aircraft continually gain mention: the F-16, and the C-130. The constant appearance of the F-16 is no great surprise; it is common knowledge that the F-16 and its LANTIRN pods underwent significant HPM testing and hardening in the mid-1990s.

The Phillips Laboratory just completed a multiyear program to measure and understand the effects of HPM on an F-16 testbed aircraft... As part of this program, the susceptibility of the low-altitude navigation and targeting IR system for night (LANTIRN) to electromagnetic radiation was measured and hardening countermeasures developed and demonstrated. This technology was transitioned to the LANTIRN System Program Office (SPO) for implementation. - Dr. W.L. Baker, AF Phillips Labs, "Air Force High-Power Microwave Technology Program", Aircraft Survivability Newsletter, Fall 1995

The greater mystery is the ubiquity of the C-130.

At present we think of large aircraft as bombers, tankers, surveillance aircraft, or air launched cruise missile launch platforms. In the future, large aircraft will be the first to carry directed energy weapons. - New World Vistas: Air and Space Power for the 21st Century, Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, 1995

The United States has supplied major weapons system to its allies for decades. In the case of technologies that are relevant to microwave weapons, a number of nations now own F-16 and C-130 aircraft... - Col. E.M. Walling, ibid.

There are a few obvious advantages to the C-130 when discussing HPM weaponry. The most obvious is its remarkable payload abilities; any HPM weapon that could produce a beam of enough power to do damage would of necessity be large and heavy, especially in its infancy. Less obvious are issues such as the C-130's quite capable electrical system, which without modification could run a hundred hairdryers simultaneously, and the fact that a C-130 can fly with even a total electrical failure. This latter could be useful in the field of unpredictable RF weapons. And the EC-130E variant already has acknowledged microwave-powered equipment which sends out high energy RF output for interference.

The USAF supports the feasibility of developing an RF gunship within the next decade that can target tanks and other ground vehicles much the way today's AC-130 Gunship performs its mission. - B. Hillaby, "Directed Energy Weapons Development and Potential", the Defence Associations National Network News, July 1997

The Case for an HPM Weapon Discharge on 9/11 - 10:03 A.M.
Three, and likely four, interesting things occurred at the same time, 10:03 A.M., on the morning of 9/11 in and over Pennsylvania. Individually, each can be explained by a less outlandish theory than an HPM discharge, but taken as a group, another comprehensive explanation remains elusive.

First, the FBI has confirmed that aboard United Flight 93, the cockpit voice recording (CVR) ends at 10:03. This was reported as a significant event, primarily because the Army's own study of seismic data indicates that the plane's impact occurred three minutes later. Prosaic explanations for this included the effect of a total electrical failure aboard the airliner. In this discussion, however, such a failure becomes much more interesting.

Second, at 10:03, Flight 93 makes a dramatic change in course. This is another confirmed event, thanks to FlightExplorer's accurate aircraft tracking software. Again, a change in heading is not in itself significant; it is the timing which bears investigation. Third, the transponder signal from Flight 93, which had been turned off, then on again, ceases transmitting. This was confirmed by the NBC interview between Tom Brokaw and air traffic controller Stacey Taylor, and at the time the assumption was that at 10:03, the airliner had crashed. Since this has been determined not to be the case, again the timing of the event increases it's significance.

The fourth event to take place was a power outage on the ground.

Students who attend the nearest elementary school, Shanksville Elementary, two miles from the crash site, were evacuated earlier after the midmorning crash knocked out power to the school. - "Officials, media swarm over site", Peirce/Erdley, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, 9/12/01

Barry Lichty, the mayor of Indian Lake Borough, said the ground shook and the town's electricity went out. He called the utility company to find out the cause. - "Crash rattles home, neighbors", ibid.

Early photographs released by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PDEP) show a newly repaired power line stretching over Flight 93's crash site. The conclusion could be that the airliner severed the electric wires as it hit the ground.

The question is whether the power outage began before the line could have been severed.

This was not an easy piece of information to obtain. I first tried to retrieve outage records from Penelec, the First Energy Company which services Shanksville and its school (circuit 00017-12). Interestingly, and to my customer service representative's amazement, there is no record of the outage on their overview screens. The rep also checked nearby accounts on Melva Rd, Lake Shore Rd, Marilyn Way, Main St., Stoney Creek Rd, and Lake Stoney Creek Rd. We were both startled to find that there was no record of an outage at any of these nearby accounts.

An electrical disruption onboard Flight 93 explains the why the CVR stopped recording. The same disruption explains the transponder signal going silent. It can also explain the sudden course change as the electronic components of the aircraft fail. But it is the suggestion of the coincident electrical failure in the air, and that in the power grid on the ground, which speaks to a single source which could cause both disruptions: a high power microwave pointed at the aircraft, affecting both its avionics and electrical systems on the ground.

Some Final Thoughts

The significance of the perturbation [caused by an HPM attack] is proportional to the importance of the system corrupted. A portable compact disc player may react by garbling music or changing the track it was playing. A similar amount of energy directed at a commercial aircraft could corrupt the plane's control and navigation systems enough to cause a crash. - A.E. Pevler, ibid.

HPM was "sold" early on as a desirable weapons system for several reasons. First, it is "nonlethal", in that it targets equipment, not people; it feels like the moral equivalent of the Lone Ranger shooting the gun out of the bad guy's hand. It is very stealthy, in that it leaves no evidence within its target of its attack. It is an easy technology to keep secret, since the development has been so vastly underreported; the idea sounds much like science fiction, a "death ray" only deadly to electronics.

One early argument against a shoot-down scenario regarding Flight 93 was that it would be impossible to keep secret, and too risky to try; anyone on the ground could be holding a camcorder these days, and could inadvertently capture the image of a missile streaking towards the airliner. A critical point brought up early in HPM development, and reiterated after the "CNN-ization" of the Gulf War, was that no television camera could ever record an HPM attack, since its own electronics would be ruined by the wide swath of microwave energy.

The history of classified weapons systems speaks to what the late Ben Rich, former head of Lockheed's Skunk Works (home of the SR-71 Blackbird and the F-117A Stealth Fighter) called "silver bullet" systems. These are breakthrough technologies, applied to Defense, which are held in secret and not revealed until absolutely necessary. The advantage to this is that any potential enemy cannot begin to defend against what they don't know you even have.

A good example comes from Rich's own company. The F-117A stealth was operational well before its "debut" in the Gulf War; in fact, planning was quite far along to use the aircraft to bomb Khaddafi. At the last minute, "conventional" aircraft were sent instead, Libya having been considered not a crucial enough target to jeopardize the secrecy of the stealth program.

This thinking is quite relevant to the events of 9/11. If an HPM weapon could have been deployed over Pennsylvania that morning, strategists were offered an easy choice. If this non-lethal weapon worked, they had the advantage of not having "really" fired upon U.S. citizens; they were shooting at the electronics. If it didn't work, there were still fighters over Washington, D.C., and more drastic measures could be taken as Flight 93 approached the nation's capitol. Either way, there was no chance of the weapon's secrecy being compromised, since no record of the attack could exist.

(This also, interestingly, suggests why the fighters themselves were not ordered towards the doomed airliner; hardening technology notwithstanding, the safer bet would be to keep the valuable aircraft and pilots away from the HPM weapon.)

Sadly, none of the above can constitute definitive proof that Flight 93 was brought down by HPM. The only thing that could would be a government or military source confirming events as outlined here, and given the nature and record of classified programs (and those involved in them) that seems quite unlikely.

However it is still possible that someone who took part in these events may eventually come forward. There are heroes possibly yet unsung, not only the passengers and crew of Flight 93, who gave their lives in defense of their country, but also those who risked their own safety and the exposure of a secret weapon whose implications are changing the face of modern warfare who risked all this to protect not only our nation's capitol, but also its sense of conscience.
Comment by Samiah binte Ibrahim on May 30, 2013 at 5:59am

ikm sure theres a way to disable microwave weapons?

 

 

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