Worldwide Campaign to stop the Abuse and Torture of Mind Control/DEWs
DR Book Club: Taking Aim at ‘Non-Lethal’ Weapons
By David Hambling July 23, 2009 | 5:13 pm |
The weapons are designed to subdue, rather than kill. But the debate surrounding the arms — from Tasers and tear gas to laser dazzlers and acoustic blasters — is furious. One side sees them as a way of reducing casualties and opening a possible route to bloodless warfare. The other, as “compliance tools,” used to torture innocent people? An understanding of the history of “non-lethals” and how they work in practice is essential for an informed discussion. Which is why Neil Davison’s new book, “Non-Lethal” Weapons, is an important contribution. It will not end the arguments, but it should raise the tone considerably.

The debate over the effectiveness, safety and ethics of these weapons has been intense, and Davison works through it with great aplomb. He goes back to the origins of the modern non-lethals movement in the 70’s and tracks the evolutions of the extremely varied technologies involved. It’s a very wide field, but Davison has been studying this area for many years and depth of scholarship is one of the book’s great strengths.

No weapon is ever truly non-lethal, of course. But the term Non-lethal Weapon has been adopted in the Pentagon and elsewhere — officially defined as a military tool “explicitly designed and primarily employed to so as to incapacitate personnel…while minimizing fatalities.”

But Davison is quick to point out the contradictions of the “non-lethal” movement. CS “tear” gas was deployed in Vietnam on a massive scale, supposedly to give troops a less-lethal alternative for dealing with civilian disturbances. The gas was never used in this role. In fact, it was used for driving Viet Cong out of cover (especially tunnels). That helped enhance the lethality of other weapons, making it “pre-lethal” rather than “non-lethal.” When Russian Special Forces used a “non-lethal” Fentanyl derivative to end the siege at a Moscow theatre, the unconscious terrorists were shot dead in another display of “pre-lethal” use — although there has been more controversy over the fact that the gas itself killed over a hundred hostages.

That’s why Davison puts “non-lethal” in quotes throughout, to emphasise that the term is a misleading one; even the title of the book is a challenge to Pentagon’s viewpoint.

Davison also points out the “disingenuous advocacy”‘ of this type of weapon. First, they were misleadingly dubbed “non-lethal weapons.” Now, many of these machines are no longer even called weapons at all; so an acoustic weapon is now a “Long Range Acoustic Device,” laser dazzlers are “optical distractors,” and Tasers become “neuromuscular incapacitation devices.” The high-powered and undoubtedly lethal Advanced Tactical Laser becomes a “non-lethal” weapon because it can shoot out tires.

The tone is coolly analytical throughout. In a bid to make new non-lethal weapons exciting, other writers break into Clancy-style fiction to present scenarios of high-tech commandos, zapping terrorists and leaving hostages unscathed. Davison resists this tendency, just as he resists the temptation to give graphic accounts of victims injured or killed when “non-lethals” go wrong or are misused. But he has en eye for telling statistics; when looking into whether Tasers are really used against dangerous suspects, he notes that a review of over 112 Taser uses in one county in Colorado found that a third of the victims were handcuffed at the time.

The work builds on Davison’s previous studies in this area for University of Bradford’s Peace Studies department, and his papers on the Bradford website offer a useful preview of the book. There are extensive references, and Danger Room’s own “Shachtman, N,” “Weinberger, S” and “Hambling, D” are duly cited, showing that Davison picks his sources with some discernment.

His long historical view means that Davison recognises the ideas that keep coming round. Acoustic blasters were tried in the 70’s and failed for the simple reason that any sound loud enough to be an effective deterrent was loud enough to cause hearing damage. In the 90’s, the Air Force Research Laboratory specifically cautioned against developments in this area because acoustic devices were either useless or dangerous. Nevertheless, the Long Range Acoustic device was developed and deployed — in spite of a study finding audible sound “a poor choice.” A 2007 Military Medicine review found that, in spite of numerous claims, there was no evidence that audible sound, ultrasound or infrasound could produce effects suitable for “non-lethal” weapons. Yet claims for miraculous infrasound weapons persist (including the mythical brown note that causes the victim to lose control of their bowels).

Of course, in a work of this length, there will always be some nitpicks. One could point out, for example, that the small version of the Active Denial “pain beam” developed for Project Sheriff was canceled a couple of years ago — but cancelations, unlike product launches, tend to be very quiet.

This is an important book. It will not go down well with the Pentagon’s Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate, or at Taser International. But it should be compulsory reading to those involved in “non-lethal” weapons-buying, before being exposed to salesmen touting the latest less-lethal wonder-weapon. And it should also be compulsory reading for any journalist writing about those same wonder-weapons without looking at what they mean in practice.

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Newsweek had a story on new military inventions. Check out the active denial weapon -
Its number 10 on list.

Here is the link to the Joint Non-lethal Weapon Directorate -

Director, Joint Non-Lethal Weapons
3097 Range Road
Quantico, VA 22134-5100
Phone: (703) 784-1977
U.S. Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation
FBI Academy Library

Quantico, Virginia 22135
Alexander, John B. Future War: Non-Lethal Weapons in Twenty-First-Century Warfare. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999. Call Number: U 795 .A43 1999
Abstract: Written by an expert on non-lethal and advanced weaponry. The work is divided into sections on the rationale of use (need), technologies, operational scenarios, the issues, and appendices. Specific technologies of interest covered are electromagnetic weapons, chemical options, acoustics, information warfare, and biological (antipersonnel and antimateriel).
Alexander, John B. and Charles “Sid” Heal. “Non-Lethal and Hyper-Lethal Weaponry.” Robert J. Bunker, ed. Non-State Threats and Future Wars. London, UK: Frank Cass, 2003: 121-132.
Abstract: The article contains an introduction, a summary of emerging threats, a discussion of effects-based weapons and their policy issues, and a conclusion. Weapons covered include the Area Denial System (ADS), Advanced Tactical Laser (ATL), Magic Dust, and Big Gun.

Taylor, Travis S. et al. An Introduction to Planetary Defense: A Study of Modern Warfare Applied to Extra-Terrestrial Invasion. Boca Raton, FL: Brown Walker Press, 2006. Call Number: UG 1530 .T39 2006
Abstract: This is a serious look at the strategy required to defend the earth against an invasion from an extraterrestrial opponent. It is a pragmatic, strategic assessment of what should be done to begin thinking about such an occurrence. The important and pertinent part of this work is the emphasis on the strategy of protection for national security, whatever the actual threat. The analysis of planning is what is of value to the reader, whether the opponent be Al Qaeda, a nation-state, or an extraterrestrial.

Armistead, ed. Leigh. Information Operations: Warfare and the Hard Reality of Soft Power. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, 2004. Call Number: U 163 .I52 2004
Abstract: This is a basic primer on the developing theory and associated doctrine of Information Operations (IO) in the context of nation state military operations. It describes the current organization, function, and doctrine of the United States and selected coalition partners. It uses several case studies on how IO is now recognized as a method of power. A recurring theme is the capability of information used at a local or tactical level to influence strategic action and decisions.

Beason, Ph.D., Doug. The E-Bomb: How America’s New Directed Energy Weapons Will Change The Way Future Wars Will Be Fought. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2005. Call Number: UG486.5 .B4345 2005
Abstract: The best overview work currently available for law enforcement personnel on the topic of directed energy weapons (DEW). Clearly written by a scientist with a background in laser-technology physics and threat reduction. Provides an overview of directed energy issues—what it offers, what it is, its military effectiveness, and its problems—and then gets into specific treatments of high-power microwaves, high-energy lasers, and other major DEW programs. Specific systems discussed are the Active Denial System (ADS) and the Airborne Laser (ADL).

Borrello, Andrew. “Acoustic Force Technology.” Tactical Response. Vol. 5, No. 3. (May-June 2007): 50-56.
Abstract: Provides a discussion of acoustic weapon technology and current developments in the field for law enforcement. Spotlights the Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD) system. Also provides some insights into future acoustic weapons.

Bunker, Robert J. Five-Dimensional (Cyber) Warfighting. Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, March 10, 1998. Internet: pdffiles/PUB233.pdf.
Abstract: The author expounds a scenario in which a future enemy (BlackFor) concedes that the U.S. Army’s (BlueFor) superior technology, advanced weaponry, and proven record of success in recent military operations make it virtually invulnerable to conventional forms of symmetric attack. Therefore, BlackFor seeks asymmetric ways to obviate BlueFor’s advantages. These ways include utilizing advanced battlespace, complex concepts and weapons technologies, and non-state forces and mercenaries.

Bunker, Robert J. “Radio Frequency Weapons: Issues and Potentials.” The Journal of California Law Enforcement. Vol. 36, No. 1. (2002): 6-17.
Abstract: Provides law enforcement with an overview of radio frequency weapons (RFW) based on High Power Microwave (HPM) and Ultra Wide Band (UWB) devices. RFW dangers to electronics, target effects, law enforcement tactical use, criminal/opposing force tactical use, and RFW countermeasures are also provided.

Dando, Malcolm. A New Form of Warfare: The Rise of Non-Lethal Weapons. London: Potomac Books, 1997. Call Number: U795 .D36 1996
Abstract: Begins with a basic overview of peacekeeping, non-lethal weapons (NLW), and the inhumane weapons convention. Value of the work is on the topic of psycho-chemical weapons such as BZ, EA-3834 (Glycolate), and fentanyls and the functioning of the human nervous system and brain chemistry. Discusses 21st arms control needs and a new type of potential arms race.

Dockery, Kevin. Future Weapons. New York: Berkeley Caliber, 2007. Call Number: UF 500 .D68 2007
Abstract: A detailed review of the basics of the infantry rifle, pistol, and certain area weapons, beginning with World War I and ending in the present, with predictions of the next set of evolving small arms. The author shows how operational failures, usually stemming from inadequate weapons performance, lead to the evolutionary development of the next advanced weapon. The book contains extensive detail and includes the reasoning for the weapons taking their specific form and function.

Denning, Dorothy E. Information Warfare & Security. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Professional, 1998. Call Number: U 163 .D46 1999
Abstract: This extensive work by a recognized expert in the field of computer security is a baseline book for understanding past, present and emerging forms of information warfare. The theory is based on a set of components of the information world network and the offensive and defensive interplay that occurs around this interactive manipulation of information. Described in a succinct but detailed manner, the book provides both a framework for understanding and for decision making in the evaluation of the potential and power of information management.

Edwards, John. The Geeks of War: The Secretive Labs And Brilliant Minds Behind Tomorrow’s Warfare Technologies. New York: American Management Association, 2005. Call Number: U 393 .E38 2005
Abstract: A veteran journalist focusing on emerging trends in technology characterizes and categorizes the advanced research of federal labs, academia, and industry in support of the Department of Defense. Edwards sorts these defense technologies into tactical systems, information, biotechnology, transportation, security and protective equipment. Much of the research has potential crossover to law enforcement and other industries. The author offers proof that the disaggregated method of American invention produces better results than other more organized approaches.

Giri, D.V. High-power Electromagnetic Radiators: Nonlethal Weapons and Other Applications. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004. Call Number: U 795 .G6577 2004
Abstract: Focused on impulse-like electromagnetic-pulsed radiators for weapons and transient radars. The work is divided in chapters on weaponry progression, nonlethal systems, electromagnetic NLW technologies, high-power microwaves (HPM), meso and hyperband systems, optical, acoustic, and chemical NLW technologies, and a final summary. Contains some advanced scientific formulas but the work is still readable.

Hall, J. Storrs. Nanofuture: What’s Next For Nanotechnology. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2005. Call Number: T 174.7 .H35 2005
Abstract: J. Storrs Hall, Ph.D., sets a foundation for understanding nanotechnology and then predicts where the research and application of the technology will go, based on current research and the most probable applications. Readers do not need a solid background in science to understand the explanations, but should have an interest in science to profit from the reading. It is clear, pragmatic, and interesting. Storrs speculates on the social reaction as nanotechnology develops and advances beyond the tipping point.

Ratner, Daniel and Mark A. Ratner. Nanotechnology and Homeland Security: New Weapons for New Wars. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 2004. Call Number: UA 927 .R38 2004
Abstract: The authors focus on first giving a clear description of what nanotechnology is, how it was conceived by the imminent physicist Feynman and where it has gone in research since inception. Then, with direct example and clear explanation, the Ratners describe how nanotechnology research in materials, sensors, biomedical structure, energy, optics and fabrication can be used for homeland protection.

Sullivan, John P. et al. Jane’s Unconventional Weapons Response Handbook. Alexandria, VA: Jane’s Information Group, 2002. Call Number: HV6431 .J35 2002
Abstract: The work, prepared by subject matter experts on unconventional weaponry and response, provides an excellent overview of this topic for law enforcement readers. The work is broken down into sections on strategic overview, pre-incident planning, weapon types (IEDs, projected IEDs, conventional military, radiological, lasers, radio-frequency, and non-lethal), incident response, post-incident management, case studies, and appendices.

Weinberger, Sharon. Imaginary Weapons: A Journey Through the Pentagon’s Scientific Underworld. New York: Nation Books, 2006. Call Number: UF 503 .W46 2006
Abstract: A story of combined human interest and scientific development that describes the pursuit of a high risk weapons technology by the Departments of Defense and Energy that may not be possible. The author, a regular reporter for the Washington Post on issues of aerospace and defense, tracks the discovery, support, and attempted development of a not-yet-proven weapon technology. This skeptical description of personalities, politics, and on-the-edge science journals the difficulties and disappointments of championing unproven science that is wrong, or if correct, cannot be proven and repeated by current scientific capability.

Wilson, Clay. High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HMP) Devices: Threat Assessments. CRS Report for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, August 20, 2004. Internet:
Abstract: Provides an overview of the disruptive effects of electromagnetic pulse weapons to electronic devices and how HEMP and HPM devices differ in both construction and use. Highlights hardening against electronic disruption, military applications, and the capabilities of foreign nations and terrorist use potentials in the policy analysis section.

Wilson, Daniel H. How to Survive a Robot Uprising. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2005
Call Number: PN 6231 .R58 W55 2005
Abstract: The tongue-in-cheek title of this succinct tome belies its purpose: To educate those unfamiliar with current and future robotic research on the mechanics and methods of robot technology. The result is an understanding of the how robots are built to work and the relevant limitations and possibilities, not unfettered science fiction. Using humor, the author gives a tutorial on reality of robot research and utility.

Compiled by Dr. Robert J. Bunker and Matt Begert, 9/07
A very long paper on the subject

Begin at page 23 if you want to go directly to were they speak about less lethal weapons.
Clean easy language - very easy to read.
No Longer Science Fiction: Less Than Lethal & Directed Energy Weapons
Military and security forces have been using less than lethal weapons for many years. Yet, except for specific chemical agents, most of these measures were based on "brute force", and required physical close encounters with the target which can rapidly escalate to lethal means. Involvement of military forces in peacekeeping, law enforcement, humanitarian assistance, and homeland security missions supports the demand for non lethal or less than lethal capabilities that offer maximum flexibility in the use of force. Non lethal systems provide commanders with weapons explicitly designed and primarily employed to incapacitate personnel or materiel while minimizing fatalities, permanent injury to personnel, and collateral damage to property and the environment.

When properly used, non lethal weapons should result in no injuries, fatalities or after effects. When used in military applications, non-lethal weapons are useful in crowd control and riot situations, where hostile forces take cover in crowds, in operations in urban terrain, or anti-terrorist actions where minimize collateral damage, or in counter-terror activities, in hostages situations.

Non lethal technologies generally fall into four categories: chemicals, electrical devices, blunt impact munitions and directed energy. This article focuses on the military applications of anti-personnel non lethal weapons. Among such weapons are advanced incapacitating agents, electrical shock devices, laser, acoustic and high power microwave directed energy weapons.

Non Lethal Blunt Impact Weapons
Early generation of NLW consist of various types of low velocity blunt impact weapons, such as projectiles loaded with low-velocity / low impact ammunition such as "soft" bean-bag rounds, rubber balls, rubber or plastic coated pellets, "flash-bang" and "hybrid" kinetic/chemical munitions. Non lethal munitions for standard weapons, currently used as part of non-lethal capability set include the various rubber ball and "soft" impact munitions fired from the M-16 and M4. Munitions available for the M-203 40mm grenade launcher and smoke launchers such as LVOSS, including various area munitions and a new sponge grenade, various stun grenades and stingball grenades. Large caliber non lethal ammunition rely primarily on flash/bang version, such as the 120mm tank cartridge.

Most blunt impact munitions are designed to be employed with standard hand-held firearms, including standard shotguns, M-16/M4 assault rifles, M203 grenade launcher, ARWEN special munitions launcher etc. Frangible and non-lethal munitions are designed for submachine guns, (9mm). A different concept is the airburst non-lethal munitions developed for the XM-29 Objective Individual Weapon System. This "hybrid" projectile has an effective range of 250 meters. A different hybrid concept for NLW munitions is the ShockRound, which represent a hybrid between impact and electrical shock stun.

Most types of kinetic non lethal munitions are prevalently lethal and must be used with special care, within strict operational limitations. To reduce such risks, Range Variable Non-Lethal kinetic energy munitions are considered, to offer true Non-Lethal effect over their entire engagement range, from muzzle to a maximum range of 100 meters. The munitions could include advanced fuses and proximity sensors sensing target range and time their function. Such munitions could function as non-lethal since they will sense the range to target and decelerate their velocity just before impact, by increasing their surface area or applying other braking technology. Another new concept is the Variable Velocity Rifle System (VVRS) which can fire different types of projectiles at various velocities, for lethal and non-lethal applications.

Kinetic munitions are also designed to operate as mines or hand thrown grenades. A typical non lethal mine is the Modular Crowd Control Munition (MCCM) which can also be used for force protection and general security applications. Grenade type weapons are designed to fit into standard smoke launchers. Further into the future, non lethal systems could use the Vortex Ring Gun concept, which could be programmed to create concussions at stand-off range. Except for being a pure energy weapon, Vortex Ring systems could also deliver impact munitions, flash/bang or chemical agents over a range of 50 meters. Vortex ring weapons could be retrofitted into existing weapons such as the Mk-19 automatic grenade launcher.

Non-lethal Chemical Agents
Chemical compounds used for non-lethal applications include irritating and incapacitating agents, which can be dispersed as aerosol or gel. Such compounds include the pepper aerosol (also known as pepper spray or OC Oleoresin Capsicum) and various "tear gases" such as CS (ortho-chlorobenzalmalononitrile) or CN (chloroacetophenone) aerosols impact munitions. OC is considered to be more capable than other irritants, as it has a faster response and longer effect. Aerosols are dispersed from hand-held dispensers, launchable, hand thrown or rifle grenades. Aerial delivery of such weapons is also considered, deployed on helicopters or UAVs. Future aerial delivery of non lethal chemical weapons is considered for mortar bombs, artillery projectiles and barrage weapons (such as the Volcano mine delivery system). With such applications, less than lethal weapons could be deployed over extended ranges – a capability which is not available today. Such munitions will be contained in frangible cases, filled with incapacitating agents such as pepper spray.

Not all chemical agents are delivered by aerosol. The sticky Pepper Gel is propelled out of the storage canister by compressed air, stick to the target on impact (when hitting the face, it will cause temporary blinding). Since the gel can be deployed at longer distances, it can neutralize assailants from a distance of 8 meters. The Pepper Gel formula has 10% pepper formulation (same as OC) suspended in gel, it is not flammable and will not ignite when affected by an electrical shock (from Taser weapon, for example).

Non Lethal Electrical Shock Weapons (Bio-Effect Weapons)
Electrical shock weapons are designed to cause Electro Muscular Disruption (EMD) which, when affecting an unprotected human completely overrides the central nervous system and directly control the skeletal muscles. Unlike bullet impact or chemical agents, that are most effective when hitting specific body organs (respiratory system, heart or head) EMD weapon is effective wherever direct contact is made with the subject's skin (even through few layers of clothing). Employed either as a direct contact of from stand-off distance, as a stun gun, the EMD effect causes an immediate uncontrollable contraction of the muscle tissue that result in physical debilitation regardless of pain tolerance or mental focus. Existing EMD weapons require physical contact with the target using hand held shockers or stun guns, such as the Taser, which uses compressed air cartridge to fire a pair of darts at the target. The darts are linked to wire conductors to deliver an electrical shock from the gun to the target.

Another stun weapon called Stinger uses a pyro charge to power four-dart system providing the Stinger with greater velocity, accuracy and greater effective range of close to 10 meters. The weapon uses four darts, rather than two, used on Taser to improve the probability of hit. Stinger is now offered with strap-on TruVu video gun camera accessory, which can record the entire engagement (audio and video) for evidence and debriefing. More advanced designs currently in development will have wireless capability and could engage a target at extended range.

Further research is directed into wireless electro-muscular incapacitation technologies, including systems such as Extended Range Electronic Projectile (XREP) pursued by Taser and the US Navy. This wireless Taser is developed as a shoulder fired projectile is designed for effective range and characteristics comparable to blunt impact projectiles such as 40mm "bean bag" kinetic munitions. It is designed for use at distances of 30 meters and beyond.

A different concept is the Sticky Shocker, developed by Titan, with DARPA's support. This wireless shocker can be launched by M203 or M79 rifles, as well as 37mm non lethal launcher. Sticky Shocker clings to a human target inflicting an electrical stun. Effective at up to 10 meters, the projectile contains a battery which excites several short high voltage pulses (50KV) per second. Other developments of EMD munitions call for the miniaturization of stun cartridges, which enables them to fit into 40mm or 5.56mm ammunition. Different method of wireless stun weapon application is "laser induced plasma" weapon, which use artificial lightning effects to stun and incapacitate a target. Initial applications of such technology include the StunStrike and Portal Denial System which are currently maturing into operational systems.

"Sentinel" Taser Area Denial System (TADS) is a different application of the Taser Anti-Personal Munition (TAPM) EMD weapon, designed for perimeter protection, covering entryways, building interiors, corridors or rooms. Effective at a range of 8 - 15 meters, Sentinel is controlled via camera installed on remotely controlled pan-tilt platform, to enable surveillance and effective engagement of targets in day, or night, indoor or outdoor. It is equipped with 7 Taser dart cartridges, which can be fired in different directions. Once fired each Taser dart pair remains activated until manually turned off. Seven subjects, per magazine, can be kept incapacitated at once by the independent Taser circuits. The Sentinel covers an arc of 160 degrees 30 feet deep. Sentinel can be used as part of a lethal/non lethal dual force system.

Non Lethal Directed Energy Weapons
Anti-personnel non lethal directed energy weapons include lasers, high power electro-magnetic pulse and directional acoustic weapons. One of the systems currently in use is the SaberShot laser dazzler – this hand held or weapon mounted low-power device uses 250Mw of 532nm green-laser. When directed at the target, the laser's optics temporarily expand to generate a blinding light which penetrates smoke, fog at twice the range of white light. Modulation of such high intensity light cause disorientation, dazzle and blink reaction that reduces the target's activity. Such weapon could be used to disorient and degrade performance of potential threats, such as snipers, or RPG launchers.

Other laser-guided directed-energy weapons work like "artificial lightning" to disable human targets or electronic circuits. Laser Induced Plasma Channel (LIPC) technology was developed by Ionatron to channel electrical energy through the air at the target. The interaction of the air and laser light at specific wavelength, causes light to break into filaments, which form a plasma channel that conducts the energy like a virtual wire. This technology can be adjusted for non-lethal or lethal use. LIPC operate at line of sight, allowing propagation of electrical pulses to be directed at a specific target. LPIC based weapon could, in theory, be fired around corners if mirrors were used.

Directed microwave energy is also utilized for non lethal weapon system applications. Raytheon's Active denial System (ADS) is a non lethal, counter-personnel directed energy non-lethal weapon which can be used to protect fixed positions or from mobile as well as airborne platforms, against human targets at distances beyond the effective range of small arms. A similar system is currently at an initial development phase at applied physics lab of the the Israeli Technion.

Directed Acoustic Weapons
In the past, acoustic non lethal weapons were primarily used as "flash bang" weapons. When blasted over a crowd or in a room, they created a loud noise and bright flash incapacitated people exposed to the effect for a few seconds. Flash bang charges are used on forced entry and counter-terror operations, when hostages are involved. As they indiscriminately hit every human exposed to the effect, operation of "flash-bang" requires precise timing and procedures to maximize effect on hostiles and eliminate potential damage to friendly forces.

Currently, acoustics are far more advanced than mere noise. Following the impressive technology advancement in solid state electronics, advanced acoustic systems are becoming operational. In 2004 American soldiers in Iraq were equipped with a Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD) used for land based and naval applications. LARD works like a highly directional, high power megaphone, able to blast sounds (such as crowd-dispersal instructions in Arabic) in a narrow beam and with great clarity at a deafening 150 decibels (50 times the human threshold of pain). LRAD can also create deafening noises which can incapacitate people within 300 meters by "firing" short bursts of intense acoustic energy.

A different acoustic weapon is the vehicle mounted Acoustic Blaster, developed by PRIMEX Physics International. This weapon can be used for area denial, and against selected groups in crowds, mobs and rioters or in a hostile situation. The weapon can be operated by a single person. So far the system was developed as a prototype consisting of an array of four combustion detonation driven devices fired simultaneously or independently. The detonation creates an acoustic pressure of up to 165dB at a distance of 15 meters. The resulting acoustic pressure waveform can be optimized for acoustic-physiological coupling to targets for antipersonnel applications. The US Air Force Research Laboratory (ARL) is also working on a Sequential Arc Discharge Acoustic Generator (SADAG) which produces high-intensity impulsive sound waves generated by electrical means.

A different acoustic weapon is the high power acoustic phased array of 36 horns which can focus the acoustic output at the target. The high power noise created within the target can incapacitate humans from a standoff range. The system can be mounted on a tactical vehicle, and radiate a narrow, high power steerable acoustic beam, disorientating humans. Both horizontal and vertical beams can be formed simultaneously to create a point effect within buildings.

A different application is the shockwave weapon, employing the Vortex Ring Gun system. Generating high power shockwave propagating at supersonic speed, Vortex ring Guns can generate high pressures which inflict considerable damage to a target, or carry a payload of kinetic or chemical agents over a distance beyond 20 meters.

Non Lethal Weapons Programs in the US
Among the programs currently under development at the USMC Non Lethal Weapons Program are multi-sensory devices aimed to disable individuals within structures, a taser to incapacitate a single individual and mobility denial system that deploys slippery foam to impede the movement of foot and vehicular traffic. The US Navy is also developing non-lethal capabilities. One of the systems is designed to protect a ship perimeter and deny small crafts from closing in to a dangerous distance from the protected ship. The US Air Force is developing UAV non lethal weapon deployment applications, exploring with a mini flyaway weapon kit designed for the Raven mini UAV. These UAVs are commonly used for base security and force protection applications.

Another system developed by the Air Force is the high power microwave Active denial System. Special Forces are also potential users of non lethal systems. These weapons are developed as part of the standard Special Forces arsenal as they should not limit the capabilities of the combatants and not impair their ability to fight a modern and lethal force. Current lethal weapons are operated under restrictive rules of engagement which significantly inhibit the ability of Special Operations forces to respond to threatening situations during low intensity conflicts and operations other than war. Furthermore, standard (lethal) weapons currently used by combatants and Special Forces are easy to detect when fired. In contrast, some non lethal and disabling weapons are stealthy and ultra-fast. They also provide the ability to repel crowds without permanent, disabling injuries or fatalities, significantly reducing the threat of further violence and potential casualties among friendly and innocent bystanders.

Geneva Forum Media Guide to Disarmament
"Non-lethal" Weapons

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US police could get 'pain beam' weapons

The research arm of the US Department of Justice is working on two portable non-lethal weapons that inflict pain from a distance using beams of laser light or microwaves, with the intention of putting them into the hands of police to subdue suspects.

The two devices under development by the civilian National Institute of Justice both build on knowledge gained from the Pentagon's controversial Active Denial System (ADS) - first demonstrated in public last year, which uses a 2-metre beam of short microwaves to heat up the outer layer of a person's skin and cause pain.

'Reduced injuries'

Like the ADS, the new portable devices will also heat the skin, but will have beams only a few centimetres across. They are designed to elicit what the Pentagon calls a "repel response" - a strong urge to escape from the beam.

A spokesperson for the National Institute for Justice likens the effect of the new devices to that of "blunt trauma" weapons such as rubber bullets, "But unlike blunt trauma devices, the injury should not be present. This research is looking to reduce the injuries to suspects," they say.

Existing blunt trauma weapons can break ribs or even kill, making alternatives welcome. Yet ADS has recorded problems too - out of several thousand tests on human subjects there were two cases of second-degree burns.

Dazzle and burn

The NIJ's laser weapon has been dubbed Personnel Halting and Stimulation Response - PHaSR - and resembles a bulky rifle. It was created in 2005 by a US air force agency to temporarily dazzle enemies (see image, right), but the addition of a second, infrared laser makes it able to heat skin too.

The NIJ is testing the PHaSR in various scenarios, which may include prison situations as well as law enforcement.

The NIJ's portable microwave-based weapon is less developed. Currently a tabletop prototype with a range of less than a metre, a backpack-sized prototype with a range of 15 metres will be ready next year, a spokesperson says.

The truly portable mini-ADS could prove the more useful, as microwaves penetrate clothing better than the infra-red beam, which is most effective on exposed skin. Although the spokesman says: "In LEC [Law Enforcement and Corrections] use there is always a little bit of skin to target."

Torture concerns

The effect of microwave beams on humans has been investigated for years, but there is little publicly available research on the effects of PHaSR-type lasers on humans. The attraction of using a laser is that it can be less bulky than a microwave device.

Human rights groups say that equipping police with such weapons would add to the problems posed by existing "non-lethals" such as Tasers. Security expert Steve Wright at Leeds Metropolitan University describes the new weapons as "torture at the touch of a button".

"We have grave concerns about the deployment and use of any such devices, which have the potential to be used for torture or other ill treatment," says Amnesty International's arms control researcher Helen Hughes, adding that all research into their effects should be made public.

Notice the lightbulbs illuminate in the homeade microwave gun.

Alex Jones has the guts-- to publish the truth about what the US Gov't is doing to non criminal, non under investigation Americans all  across the country.

Domestic Torture via Radiation Weaponry: America’s Horrific Shame

  •   The Alex Jones Channel Alex Jones Show podcast Prison Planet TV Twitter Alex Jones' Facebook Infowars store
Vic Livingston
December 30, 2008
The reality of domestic torture delivered by ideologically-driven, cold-hearted agents of government and their vigilante citizen operatives is finally gaining public exposure by way of first-hand accounts — including that of this correspondent, a mainstream journalist who who has been "community stalked" and tortured by means of silent, potentially deadly radiation weaponry for nearly five years.
In a matter of weeks, this correspondent believes, operatives who have been involved in the purposeful "dosing" of American citizens with various forms of pulsed radiation emitted from so-called "directed energy weapons" and devices will begin to come forward, confirming reports of what’s been euphemistically labeled as "electronic harassment" by victims of so-called "community stalking" or "gang stalking."
The "gang stalking" moniker trivializes what is an extensive, multi-level government campaign of extrajudicial targeting and punishment that victims say extends into Canada, the United Kingdom and other industrialized nations.
The "targets" are not limited to "terrorists" or drug traffickers. They include individuals who have been labeled by persons in positions of authority as "dissidents," "radicals," "whistle-blowers" or undesirables, perhaps due to their lifestyles, their ethnic heritage, or their religious or political beliefs. Many find themselves slandered and unjustly accused of wrongdoing (but, notably, not charged with any violation of the law). Journalists are among targeted classes; but many don’t realize they are subject to pervasive surveillance, physical harassment and career sabotage until they are already ruined, professionally and personally.
These targeted persons — and their families — are subject to relentless harassment, including surreptitious entry into their homes and vandalism of their property, with surveillance data about their whereabouts and personal daily routines funneled to "community stalkers" who are recruited under the cover of government-funded community policing, town watch, and business-related anti-terrorism programs. The operations of these civilian vigilantes are supervised by agents of government, ranging from local police personnel to federal intelligence and security agents under whose direction these programs have been institutionalized.
  • A d v e r t i s e m e n t

Under the guise of performing "surveillance," the "targets" are subject to electromagnetic radiation of various forms — ranging from microwave energy, sound waves, even X-rays and gamma rays. The government publicly claims that these "directed energy weapons," or "D.E.W.", are still in the experimental stage, or that working equipment is large and bulky, such as the Army’s recent demonstration of a microwave weapon tagged with an innocuous-sounding sobriquet, the "Active Denial System." The government describes these radiation weapons as "non-lethal" — when in fact, depending on the dosage of radiated energy delivered, they can stun, maim, burn, cause strokes or aneurysms, induce illness such as cancer, or kill.
These D.E.W. have are being widely deployed, as noted in an article in the April 2008 FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. The article discusses the potential adverse health effects of D.E.W. fire. The article also states that law enforcement personnel themselves may fall victim to these adverse effects, should criminals or terrorists obtain D.E.W.
What the article does not state is that victims of "community stalking" have complained for several years that they are being tortured by painful D.E.W. radiation attacks, and that their health has been degraded by the cumulative effects of exposure to silent and potentially lethal beams of radiated energy.
These weapons share a characteristic that explains why few people outside of law enforcement are aware of their widespread deployment and usage: The radiation energy the weapons emit is silent and invisible, making possible "the perfect crime" — the covert application of potentially lethal force.
Victims of D.E.W. attack have tried to appeal to law enforcement for justice, but to no avail. Indeed, that’s part of the "M.O." — when victims complain, they are routinely written off as delusional or mentally ill.  Victims say that health care workers also cooperate in this persecution.  Targeted persons may even be subject to attempts to commit them to psychiatric facilities, a means of accomplishing the underlying goal of extrajudicial targeting and punishment — the removal of "targeted individuals" (and by extension, their families) from mainstream society.
Victims of extrajudicial targeting also charge that their family finances are sabotaged and ultimately expropriated by secret government programs ostensibly implemented to disrupt the financial dealings of terrorists and drug traffickers.  In effect, they say, they are victimized by a parallel system of transaction processing sold to lawmakers as necessary components of the "war on terror" — not as an ideologically-motivated tool of social control and political repression.
There is no rational or moral defense for this horrific domestic torture  — what could be termed a campaign of "slow genocide" — which is happening right now in cities and towns across America. The "targets" typically pose no danger to society. They are victims of a political system that has institutionalized — and has attempted to legalize — extrajudicial punishment. The "war on terror" is the pretext that has been employed to effect a wholesale bypass of the judicial system, and of constitutionally protected rights.
This is the transformation of American democracy into a fascist police state — an American Gestapo, a frontal assault on our constitutionally guaranteed civil rights and liberties.
When the pervasiveness of this officially sanctioned and funded domestic terrorism and torture is confirmed by "official sources" — in recent times, the only sources that much of the mainstream media consider sufficiently credible — any excuses for the excesses that heretofore have come to light will be exposed as evil sophistry.
That day is coming, and very soon. In the meantime, please read related articles at and help secure the legal assistance of the American Civil Liberties Union (www, or any other organization capable of bringing justice to the untold thousands of victims of extrajudicial targeting, punishment, and TORTURE in America 2008.

Professor sues Pittsburgh for using sonic device at G-20 protest

By Eric W. Dolan
Thursday, September 22nd, 2011 -- 7:03 pm

A bystander who suffered permanent hearing loss after Pittsburgh police deployed a Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD) against protestors during the 2009 G-20 Summit has filed a federal lawsuit against the city. The device emits pain-inducing sounds to disperse crowds and is also deployed on American warships.

Karen Piper, then a visiting professor at Carnegie Mellon University, tried to observe the G-20 protests in Pittsburgh as research for her book on globalization.

The G-20 represents the leaders of the world's most powerful economies and the group's summits attract a large crowds of anti-globalisation activists and others opposed to what they see as an undemocratic group promoting harmful free market policies.

While Piper was trying to leave the protest, without warning the police activated a LRAD a short distance away from her. She immediately became nauseous and dizzy, and felt fluid flowing from her ear.

"The intensity of being hit at close range by a high-pitched sound blast designed to deter pirate boats and terrorists at least a quarter mile away is indescribable," said Piper, now an English professor at the University of Missouri.

"The sound vibrates through you and causes pain throughout your body, not only in the ears. I thought I might die. It is shocking that the LRAD device is being promoted for use on American citizens and the general public."

Since then, Piper has suffered from permanent nerve damage, tinnitus, barotrauma, left ear pain and fluid drainage, dizziness, and nausea.

She is being represented by the the American Civil Liberties Union.

"Police departments should not be using weapons built for the military on civilian protesters," said Witold Walczak, legal director of the ACLU of Pennsylvania "As this case shows, the LRAD cannot be controlled to prevent serious harm to innocent bystanders. Collateral harm to innocents may be justifiable in wartime, but not to quell protesters who overturned a couple of trash dumpsters."

The lawsuit claims Pittsburgh violated Piper's constitutional right to peacefully assemble, and that the use of the LRAD was unjustified and violated her due process rights.

Department of The Army: Non lethal weapons are not secret any more and can be releasable.
Their main targets: human body;human nervous system; aural system

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