International Space Treaties Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (1979) is the infamous "Moon Treaty". It was killed by a handful of L5 Society Society activists who were the first to see that it would outlaw property rights in the rest of the universe and indefinitely bog down space settlement in a "common heritage of all mankind" morass. When as a result of the L5 Society efforts the US congress failed to ratify the treaty, the USSR also breathed a sigh of relief. They likewise did not ratify. The soviets were so surprised at the impact of this relatively unknown organization that they sent very obvious KGB members to chapter meetings in New York City to find out who they were. The Soviet Embassy in Washington DC subscribed to the L5 News for years afterwards.Original ascii text copies of the files came from the Tufts' Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy site at, the "Mulitateral Treaties Project". Unfortuneately this site seems to no longer be available.The Univ of Colorado's Center for Space Law & Policy maintains a BBS at (303)494-8446 where these are available via dial-in for those without FTP.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Full text of major space treatiesTreaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (5 Aug 63)Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (1967)Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space (1968)Agreement Relating to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization "INTELSAT" (20 Aug 71)Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (1972)Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (1975)Convention on International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT) with Annex (3 Sep 76, amended 1985, with Protocol 1981)Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (1979)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Background documentsWhite House Background Briefing Excerpt, Ukraine Space Cooperation (Nov 1994)Proceedings of the Thirty-Eighth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2-6 October, 1995 Oslo, Norway. Fifty papers are presented in this volume, including the Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition. The case concerned satellite broadcasting and use of the geostationary orbit (Agrethia v. Pathron). Sessions included legal aspects of commercial space activities; legal issues arising from recent technical studies relating to space debris; recent developments in the law of intergovernmental organizations dealing with space matters; and other legal matters.1996, 408 pp, HardcoverISBN 1-56347-213-9AIAA Members: $64.95List Price: $84.95Order #: P961(800)Opinions and DiscussionDerelicts in Space and Space Station Jurisdiction--------------------------------------------------------------------------------US Domestic LawThis is a temporary home for US Law documents until there are enough to warrant restructuring. At this moment we only have:Space Transportation Services Purchase Act of 1993 (HR2731) The current status of this bill and its' successors was researched and passed on to us by Dave Neff. He was told:As we discussed on the phone, H.R. 2731 was introduced on July 23, 1994 by Rep. Bob Walker. No action occured on the bill and it died at the end of the 103rd Congress in December, 1994. The provisions of H.R. 2731 relating to tax incentives for space commerce (sections 402, 403, 404, 405 and 406) were reintroduced as H.R. 1953 on June 28, 1995. No further action has occured on the bill. Congress is expected to adjourn around October 1 and it is doubtful that H.R. 1953 will be approved by then.As you are aware, legislation that provides tax breaks are very hard to pass because it essentially requires that Congress find other funding to make up for the revenue loss. While tax incentives for space commerce have supporters, it is not broad enough to gain approval in Congress at this time.Space Commercialization Promotion Act of 1996 (HR3936). According to Charles Miller of the Space Frontier Foundation:H.R. 3936, the "Space Commercialization Promotion Act Of 1996", passed in the House of Representatives on a bipartisan voice vote last Tuesday. We need the Senate to approve the bill this week using a procedure called "unanimous consent", before they recess on friday.On Tuesday the 24th, the bill will be "hotlined" to every senator's office, asking for their consent that the bill be passed. While there is a chance that one objecting senator could be accomodated with a minor amendments, there is NO TIME to negotiate major changes to the bill or have a "conference". The Senate must pass the bill this week or the opportunity is lost until the next congress.59 FR 11360 Russian Federation and U.S.; agreement regarding international trade in commercial space launch services; implementation guidelines, 11360. (10-Mar-94)The U.S. House of Representatives - Internet Law Library - U.S. Code has a searchable copy of US federal law code.Legal Information Institute at Cornell has a law server that can also be used to retrieve space law relevant codes.United Nations Treaty Collection Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General1 CHAPTER I Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice2 CHAPTER II Pacific Settlement of International Disputes3 CHAPTER III Privileges and Immunities, Diplomatic and Consular Relations, etc4 CHAPTER IV Human Rights5 CHAPTER V Refugees and Stateless Persons6 CHAPTER VI Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances7 CHAPTER VII Traffic in Persons8 CHAPTER VIII Obscene Publications9 CHAPTER IX Health10 CHAPTER X International Trade and Development11 CHAPTER XI Transport and Communications12 CHAPTER XII Navigation13 CHAPTER XIII Economic Statistics14 CHAPTER XIV Educational and Cultural Matters15 CHAPTER XV Declaration of Death of Missing Persons16 CHAPTER XVI Status of Women17 CHAPTER XVII Freedom of Information18 CHAPTER XVIII Penal Matters19 CHAPTER XIX Commodities20 CHAPTER XX Maintenance Obligations21 CHAPTER XXI Law of the Sea22 CHAPTER XXII Commercial Arbitration23 CHAPTER XXIII Law of Treaties24 CHAPTER XXIV Outer Space25 CHAPTER XXV Telecommunications26 CHAPTER XXVI Disarmament27 CHAPTER XXVII Environment28 CHAPTER XXVIII Fiscal Matters29 CHAPTER XXIX Miscellaneous[ Return to Island One Dock ]
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