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  • John C. Baker, Kevin M. O'Connell, and Ray A. Williamson, eds.
    Commercial Observation Satellites At the Leading Edge of Global
    , RAND Monographs/Reports MR1229, 2001

    This document gives an overview of global access to observation satellites
    and addresses the issues of "global transparency" that this has created, including
    potentially beneficial information, such as civilian access to information about nuclear
    buildup. The framing of "open skies" issues in the context of the rights of photographers
    and first amendment rights is important because advocates of privacy rights
    should be aware that these issues are also important.

    However, this report gives scant coverage to privacy rights, nor does it adequately address
    how private citizens could be protected from stalking and harassment by users of satellite
    data who spy on their lives and movements.

    The assumption of many of the contributors to this report -- that the use
    of observation satellites is, for better or worse, here to stay -- should be
    re-examined in terms of the importance to human beings of privacy and of
    the kind of world we want to live in the future.


  • William J.Broad, "Commercial Use of Spy Satellites to Begin;
    Private Ventures Hope for Profits", The New York Times, February 10, 1997 --


  • Roger Guillemette, "Trio of NRO Spy Satellites to be Launched During
    Next Two Months", September 6, 2001 --


  • Links to Satellite and Space Imaging Sites --


  • Oliver Morton, "Private Spy - The world's spy satellites are
    going commercial and the national security control freaks are freaking out.
    Watch for the next big First Amendment battle over who can see what.
    And if you look up, smile.", Wired Magazine, 5:8, August, 1997 --


  • Dana Priest, "New Stealth Spy Satellite Debated on Hill",
    Washington Post, December 11, 2004 -- (on website)


  • Kenneth Silber, "Analysts Expect Spy Satellite Number to Increase",, 13 September, 1999.


  • Robert Windrem, "Spy satellites enter new dimension, Computerized
    3-D simulations add perspective to surveillance", MSNBC News, August 8, 1998 --


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