History, Culture and Migration of the Dong-Yi People

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The name of Dong-Yi (Dong in Chinese means east) first appeared in the Shang Dynasty (about 1600-1046BCE), referring to those people who lived in the east of the Shang territory and did not surrender to the Shang, including the Shao Hao People and some people who came from exogamy between the Di Jun and Shao Hao People; officially appeared on bronze inscriptions of the Western Zhou Dynasty (about 1046-771BCE), stating that the Dong-Yi People were enemies of the Zhou Dynasty. The Shao Hao People lived in the Shandong Peninsula and built one of the most important Neolithic cultures, Dong-Yi Culture, which later spread to the lower reaches of the Yellow and Huai Rivers. Its latter stage, the Longshan Culture (about 3200-1900BCE), spread to the areas of early Di-Qiang Culture, another Chinese Neolithic culture that originated from the middle reach of the Yellow River, and turned those areas into outposts of Longshan Culture. Thus Dong-Yi Culture greatly influenced ancient China and had the leading role in making the Yellow River Valley Culture the root of Chinese civilization. The Shao Hao People also migrated to the Americas and Oceania during the Neolithic Age, where their culture had great influence. The ancient civilizations of Oceanic cultures, such as palae-Polynesian, palae-Melanesian and palae-Micronesian cultures; and American Indians civilizations, such as the Mayan civilization (about 2000BCE-900CE), the Aztec civilization (about 12th century - 15th century CE) and the Incan civilization (about 13th century - 15th century CE), all evolved from early Dong-Yi Culture.

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